Engineering Design: What Is It & Why Do You Need It?

- Updated on April 9, 2024

Engineering design is the design and construction of new products or improvement on existing ones. Design engineers work with people from other disciplines like marketing, manufacturing, business development, and more to make products that are efficient for both the customer and the company.

That said, engineering design is an important part of product development. This is because it’s what makes sure companies stay competitive in today’s market. Design engineers also create prototypes to test out their ideas before moving forward with production, which can save time and money later on down the line!

In this article, we will cover everything you need to know about engineering design and why it is so important for your business!

What is engineering design?

Engineering design is the process of maximizing the effectiveness and profitability of a particular product. Design engineers work together with business planners, marketers, and manufacturing teams to create high-quality products that a company can mass-produce at an affordable price point in order to ensure maximum profit margins.

Also, it requires extensive knowledge, ranging from mathematics and physics all the way to materials science and chemistry.

Design engineers must be able to understand the properties of different materials and how they will behave in certain conditions, such as high heat or moisture exposure.

Engineering design requires an understanding of the manufacturing processes. And it requires understanding which machines can mass-produce parts with precision, what tolerances each part requires depending on its function, etc.

Sometimes, design engineers will even have to create their own machines or processes in order to mass-produce a new product.

Engineering design is an extremely complicated discipline that requires extensive knowledge from many fields of science and technology.

What is Engineering design in simple words?

Engineering design is designing something. This could be a product. Design engineers use their skills to make something that people also want or need.

This process is important because it helps people solve their problems through products. Designers can help other people or help themselves.

They can come up with new and better ideas. Engineering design is a creative process that takes time, effort, and patience.

Design engineers need to know about the problem or the goal in order to solve problems by creating your product or service.

What is engineering design in business and why do you need it?

Design engineers help companies stay competitive in today’s market by designing quality, affordable products that maximize profit margins while minimizing waste.

They create prototypes to test out their ideas before moving forward with production, which can save time and money later on down the line! They are an integral part of a business, as they help to maintain that competitive edge in today’s market.

So, if you want to have a successful business and create and sell your own products, engineering design is something that will help you. Design engineers are going to create your product or service which helps people and makes them happy!

Why should you understand how it works?

When running a business, the goal is to create products that people will want. But, to create an honest relationship of trust with your customers, you need to make sure that your products not only are worth their money but are safe to use and long-lasting.

So, engineering design is the process of making sure you are creating a quality product that gets rid of all risk factors. Design engineers can make sure it’s safe to use and that the product is worth your customers’ money. Also, it can help you save time, get rid of all risk factors, and make your business more successful!

So, understanding how this works will make you able to figure out any missing steps in the engineering design process and see potential flaws before accepting their last proposals and models.

Also, this is not an easy field, and not all engineers follow all the required steps. Even more, not all will be the right fit for your needs.

What does a design engineer do?

Engineering design is more than just designing product parts. Design engineers are the ones who plan, coordinate, create and test product designs. They do this to ensure that they meet their design criteria for performance, quality, and cost-effectiveness before being manufactured.

They have a wide range of responsibilities. These include anything from creating new products or services to improving existing ones. They provide designs for new products, analyze product requirements, and design specifications. They do this to ensure that they meet quality standards.

Also, they operate tests on the designed parts before presenting their last proposal in front of clients or supervisors. Engineering design can be done with the use of different software. These include CAD (Computer Aided Design), CAM (Computer Aided Manufacturing) and CAE (Computer Aided Engineering), among others.

Design engineers must know the different engineering disciplines before they can be effective in their job responsibilities.

Also, it is not only necessary for any product development team, but it’s also required to be done by experts who can bring a product to life.

Do you want to know more above what a design engineers does? Then, we recommend you read our article What Does A Design Engineer Do & How Can He Help You?

What are the engineering design requirements?

engineering design requirements

For someone to be a design engineer, you have to be creative and love what you do. Design engineers need an inquisitive mind – one that’s constantly finding better ways of doing things. Design engineers need to be able to solve problems by taking an idea and turning it into reality, while always keeping cost in mind.

But let’s see in detail what the requirements are.


Design engineers can come from all different educational backgrounds. They don’t necessarily need to have an engineering or mechanical degree. But it’s preferred by most companies.

Design engineers should have a solid understanding of math, science, and engineering fundamentals, along with having an innate curiosity for problem-solving.

Training and Experience

Most companies will expect you to have a bachelor’s degree in engineering. Design engineers also need years of experience in their specific industry before being able to excel.

For example, engineers who work with cars will need more experience than those working with medical devices. They also need to have experience with the specific type of software they’ll be using for their jobs, such as CAD or CAM.


Most importantly, they need to have strong interpersonal skills. Engineering design is most effective when there’s a team effort. You’ll be working in a team along with other engineers, designers, and manufacturers.

Engineering design requires you to be able to explain your ideas in a way that’s easy for everyone to understand. Design engineers need excellent communication skills, both verbal and written.

But, let’s see more about the basic and expert skills a design engineer needs.

What are the things a design engineer should know?

There is a difference between an expert and a basic design engineer. So, before we discuss the skills an expert needs, let’s talk about the basic things one needs.

Design engineers shall have the following knowledge:

  • Complete product knowledge.
  • Plastic or Sheet Metal Design.
  • CAD Design.
  • Structural and thermal calculations.
  • Product testing.
  • Material selection.
  • Tolerance Analysis.
  • Design for manufacturing.
  • Manufacturing.

What skills are required for a engineering design expert?

If you want to be a design engineer, then you need the basic skills that experts in this field should have. And if you are looking to hire one, then you should make sure he has these skills.

To be an expert in engineering design, one needs:

  • Strong math and IT skills.
  • Good visual and spatial awareness.
  • A creative flair and design ability.
  • Problem-solving skills.
  • Attention to detail.
  • Commercial awareness.
  • Written and oral communication.
  • Time management and organizational skills.
  • Excellent project management skills.

What is the design process in engineering?

The design process in engineering starts with an idea and ends when they finish the product. Design engineers use distinct steps during their work to solve problems and make products that people want or need.

One of these processes includes drawing a picture of your idea or making a sketch. It can be physical or virtual on paper. Designers then start to make a list of problem-solving questions.

They need to think about all the steps needed to solve people’s problems with this product or service. Designers also make plans for each step on paper, especially drawing pictures and making notes where they used certain tools.

Engineering design is an important part of your project. As it helps to solve people’s problems with your product. Design engineers can make products that are efficient for both the customer and the company.

Do you want to know how product design affects your business? Then, we recommend you read our article What Is Product Design & How It Affects Your Business?

How many steps are in the engineering design process?

The design process includes various steps. Design engineers make sure they understand every step before moving on to the next one.

If you asked an engineer how many steps he follows in the engineering design process, the answer could be 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 10, or 11. But the actual steps are 12.

What are the steps of the engineering design process?

engineering design process

The engineering design process has 12 steps. Design engineers must follow them to make a successful product that customers will love and want more of it.

With no further ado, let’s see the steps in the engineering design process.

Define The Problem

The first step in the engineering design process is to define the problem. Here, design engineers will ask themselves, their teammates, and your firm what customers want. Designers need to know what people find difficult about the current product, service, or system. Designers should write all the problems they found during this step.

Brainstorm Possible Ideas And Solutions

The next step in the process is brainstorming workable ideas and solutions. Product engineer designers need to think about what could make their product better, faster, safer, etc. Then, they write all the ideas they have for their product.

Explore Possibilities For The Project

After writing their ideas, they should explore possibilities for the project. Design engineers create a list of all potential solutions and think about how to combine them. They should also think about costs, the time needed to deliver the product. And they should think about other practical factors before starting with an actual design of their future product.

Define Limitations and Criteria

At this step, design engineers need to define limitations and criteria. This means that they should think about the limits of the project, like time or money limits. They should also think about what you will and won’t accept from their future product. Design engineers have to give themselves a clear idea of what is and isn’t possible in their project. And, they should also revise their design for better results.

Figure Out Alternative Solutions

At this step, designers choose the best potential solution. They should figure out alternative solutions and compare them to see what is most efficient or cost-effective. Design engineers will often choose the best option by thinking about what they would want if they were in their customers’ shoes.

Choose The Right Idea

Design engineers should choose the right idea. They need to compare their options and pick a single solution that will work for everyone involved with the future product. They should think about all the factors they’ve considered. And then make a decision that will benefit their company, customers, themselves, and everyone else involved.

Come Up With An Engineering Design Proposal

The design proposal is the next step in the process. Designers create a list of all their ideas and compare them to see which one works best. Once they pick the best one, they must create a design proposal. In this, they should also include how to make their design better, what materials they will use for the future product, and more. Then, they present their proposal to their customer or boss. This is a step they might take again and again in this process.

Prototype Or Create A Model

Designers should make a model or prototype. Design engineers build an actual working version of their future product to see how it works in real life. And they test it with customers. They need to make sure their future product is safe, works well, and looks great before starting production of the real thing.

Test, Analyze, And Evaluate The Prototype

The next step in the process is testing, analyzing, and evaluating the prototype. Design engineers test their product to see how it works with people who use it. They should test their future product in real-life scenarios and see if it works as expected.

Design engineers need to take the time to analyze what went wrong, what went right, and how they can improve their future product. Design engineers should also think about all the information gathered during this process to make the future product better. Then, they should evaluate what they can make better.

Do you wish you could get your product tested before it goes to production? Then, our test and assembly services might be what you really need!

Redesign and Finalize The Prototype

After design engineers evaluate the prototype, they should redesign and finalize it. They try their best to make sure that their future product is as perfect and as efficient as possible. They should think about every decision they’ve made throughout the engineering design process. So they can make sure everything works properly.

Provide the model for the creation of the product

One of the last steps in the process is to provide the model for the creation of the product. Design engineers should give this to their customers or bosses so they can make it themselves. Design engineers should also give them all the information they need to make it correctly and efficiently.

Provide documentation for the operation and the results of the product

Design engineers should also provide documentation for the operation of the products. They can use this to teach others how to use or operate the future product. They should also include information about the results of these products. So theirs client can improve it if needed upon in the next step in the engineering design process.

How to hire a design engineer expert?

Design engineers will help your company create the best possible future product. They can work with you to determine what options are available and which one will work best for you.

They can also help your company create a new product that is innovative, safe, and efficient. Design engineers will also have their own portfolios that include work they’ve done in the past.

If you need to hire an expert, look at job websites like the fiver website. You can also find design engineers by contacting companies that work with them or have worked with them before.

Or you can find a product engineering firm to get the job done the best way possible.

Do you need help with creating the perfect product?

We comprise a team of experienced engineers that can help you with every aspect of your product design and engineering process. We would be more than happy to talk with you and figure out how we can succeed together. Feel free to contact us with any questions!

Final Thoughts

Engineering design is an important process for any company looking to make new products. Design engineers will help you create a safe and efficient future product that works well and looks great.

The process is a long-lasting one, that no one should skip getting a product faster. First, you need to meet all the requirements of your product and then head over to production.

So, it is time to contact the right product and design engineering brand for your business!

Do you want my team to bring your next product idea to life?

Picture of George Petropoulos

George Petropoulos

Founder of Inorigin - Mechanical engineer with passion for bringing innovative products to life with ingenious design strategy.

Connect with me on LinkedIn
Picture of George Petropoulos

George Petropoulos

Founder of Inorigin - Mechanical engineer with passion for bringing innovative products to life with ingenious design strategy.

Connect with me on LinkedIn
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